There are six main technical violations in wrestling.
1) Leaving the Mat: No wrestler may completely step off the wrestling mat without permission of the referee.
2) Intentionally Going Out-Of-Bounds: If either wrestler goes out-of-bounds to avoid wrestling his opponent for any reason (except when nearfall points are being scored), this technical violation will be enforced.
3) Grasping of Clothing: A contestant may grab nothing but his opponent while wrestling or this encroachment will be called. Furthermore, when a wrestler grasps his adversary’s uniform to prevent him from scoring , the appropriate penalty point(s) will be given along with any points his opponent may have obtained.
4) Clasping: (Interlocking or Overlapping Hands While on Offense) The offensive (or top) wrestler may only lock or touch hands around his opponent’s body or both legs when he is scoring nearfall points or his antagonist stands up. If his rival scores points while he commits this violation, his opponent would also receive the stipulated penalty point(s). Note, the official can only stop the match to award point(s) when the bottom man is unable to gain an escape or reversal due to interlocking or overlapping hands.
5) Incorrect Starting Position: If a wrestler assumes an incorrect neutral or referee’s position a technical violation may be called. This also includes false starts in both situations. Note, unlike other technical violations, the first offense is “cautioned” (The official will form a “C” with his hand.), and then penalized if the infraction occurs again. Furthermore, this technical violation is not on the “progressive penalty chart.” Thus, a wrestler can not be disqualified for an incorrect starting position or false start.
6) The Figure-4 Head Scissors: The figure-4 head scissors is a technical violation.